Shareholders agreements are absolutely essential to the long term success of any corporate enterprise that is owned by more than one individual. Yet, it is highly unfortunate that far too many companies either fail to have a unanimous shareholders agreement or have an agreement that is inadequate its ability to carry-out the shareholders' true intent. For a shareholders agreement needs to properly reflect the shareholders' current collective intention for the company's operations and exit strategies. Without such coherence in this legal document, the corporation will find itself facing significant legal turmoil in the future as most attempt to overcome the agreement's deficiencies, will creating unnecessary tension and animosity amongst the shareholders, in an often futile and costly effort to achieve some form of resolution, with which no one is almost ever happy with.

As such, it makes sense to retain experienced legal counsel and properly negotiated and execute your company's shareholders' agreement such that it conforms to your requirements, or is otherwise acceptable in light of what has been bargained for with your fellow shareholders and other parties having a stake in your business enterprise. 

At Neufeld Legal P.C., we assist corporate shareholders in making the appropriate decisions with respect to the drafting and implementation of unanimous shareholders agreements. Contact us at by telephone at 416-887-9702 (Toronto area) / 403-400-4092 (Calgary) or via email at

Agreement between shareholders (O.B.C.A.)
108. (1) A written agreement between two or more shareholders may provide that in exercising voting rights the shares held by them shall be voted as therein provided.
(2) A written agreement among all the shareholders of a corporation or among all the shareholders and one or more persons who are not shareholders may restrict in whole or in part the powers of the directors to manage or supervise the management of the business and affairs of the corporation.
Unanimous shareholder agreement
(3) Where a person who is the registered holder of all the issued shares of a corporation makes a written declaration that restricts in whole or in part the powers of the directors to manage or supervise the management of the business and affairs of a corporation, the declaration shall be deemed to be a unanimous shareholder agreement.
Party to unanimous shareholder agreement
(4) A transferee of shares subject to a unanimous shareholder agreement shall be deemed to be a party to the agreement.
Where shareholder has power, etc., of director
(5) A shareholder who is a party to a unanimous shareholder agreement has all the rights, powers, duties and liabilities of a director of a corporation, whether arising under this Act or otherwise, including any defences available to the directors, to which the agreement relates to the extent that the agreement restricts the discretion or powers of the directors to manage or supervise the management of the business and affairs of the corporation and the directors are relieved of their duties and liabilities, including any liabilities under section 131, to the same extent.
Unanimous shareholder agreement
(5.1) Nothing in this section prevents shareholders from fettering their discretion when exercising the powers of directors under a unanimous shareholder agreement.

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